NASA releases the first James Webb Space Telescope photos.

The groundbreaking $10 billion James Webb Space Telescope spacecraft’s first set of full-color images and data were made public by NASA on Tuesday, and they feature a stunning stellar nursery, colliding galaxies, a dying star shedding its outer layers layer by layer, and the intriguing evidence of clouds and water vapor on a massive planet revolving around a distant star.

The telescope seems to be far more effective than its creators had anticipated. Unlike the renowned Hubble, it can see farther into space and time and gather the incredibly faint infrared light that the first stars and galaxies emitted more than 13 billion years ago.

After viewing the photos, principal project scientist and Nobel laureate John Mather commented, “It sees things that I never believed were out there.” Mather began working on the telescope in 1995.

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Despite being a risky and lengthy journey, the Webb project has yielded stunning photographs that the space agency and its foreign partners are keen to share with the world.

At NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, hundreds of scientists, engineers, and members of Congress gathered in an auditorium for the big announcement. As VIPs entered the room, Goddard interns waved pompoms and applauded. Mostly broadcast from a local studio, NASA’s live stream featured experts from Canada and Europe and quickly transitioned to watch parties hosted by astronomy enthusiasts all over the world.

Before the event began, project manager Bill Ochs expressed relief, saying, “I always expected to have a couple small gotchas things that come and along and bite you.”

Mike Menzel, a mission systems engineer, claimed that all the potential problems with a mission this sophisticated had already happened. The telescope is currently functioning twice as well as we anticipated, which is the brand-new information, he stated.

This enormous, sweltering planet, which orbits a star 1,150 light-years from Earth, has about half the mass of Jupiter. It makes a full orbit in just three days since it is so near to the star. That is much too close to be resolved as a single object, but a telescope’s equipment has retrieved the planet’s spectrum, which reveals the presence of water vapor and indications that the planet is shrouded in clouds and haze. The same method can be used to investigate the atmospheres of smaller, more rocky planets orbiting their parent star in the habitable zone, where liquid water similar to that on Earth could exist on the planet’s surface.

The nebula, which is around 2,000 light-years away, was created by a dying star. The picture, which depicts a blue swimming hole in space, is oddly lovely. The star’s pulsating and violently shedding of materials into interstellar space as it ages is what causes the frothy outer edges. Astronomers discovered that the unclear streak on the left side of the photograph is actually a faraway galaxy.

Five galaxies, four of which are gravitationally bonded together in a cluster in the constellation Pegasus, some 290 million light-years away. The collision of two of the galaxies is currently occurring. A third features a supermassive black hole at its core that is larger than the one at the center of our Milky Way galaxy but similar in size. Behind the quintet, the image also reveals a large number of incredibly far-off galaxies.

The Cosmic Cliffs is the colorful moniker given to the spectacular sight, which is reminiscent of the well-known Pillars of Creation as seen by the Hubble. The huge nebula reminds one of the rough terrain on Earth. Because of the intense ultraviolet radiation emitted by hot newborn stars outside the image’s frame, this star-forming zone has a cliff-like structure. Within our own Milky Way galaxy, it is around 7,500 light-years away from Earth.

the most in-depth exploration of space and history by Webb. Thousands of additional galaxies are magnified behind the galaxy cluster, which acts as a gigantic gravitational lens to focus distant objects. One of them, a tiny red dot, is a galaxy that first released light 13.1 billion years ago, according to scientists.

President Biden and top NASA officials unveiled the image of SMACS 0723 on Monday during a ceremony at the White House. It was a stunning photograph that captured the dim light of galaxies developing in the early universe.

According to NASA Administrator Bill Nelson, we are peering back more than 13 billion years. Since light moves at a speed of 186,000 miles per second, the light coming from one of those tiny specks has been moving for more than 13 billion years.

And by the way, we’re going much further back, he continued. since this is only the first picture. We almost started over at the beginning.

The initial image proved how effective Webb was as a space telescope. The photograph was taken using a technique called a “deep field observation,” in which the telescope was pointed at what NASA described as a patch of sky the size of a grain of sand held out at arm’s length by a person on the ground. It strikingly resembles a well-known deep field image that Hubble captured more than 20 years ago by focusing on the same dim region of space for 10 days.

When NASA revealed the photograph again on Tuesday, operations project scientist Jane Rigby bragged that she and Webb had taken it before breakfast.

The first images and data from the James Webb Space Telescope were released on July 12 by NASA. (Video: The Washington Post)

The universe has always existed. She added later, during a news briefing, “We just had to build a telescope to go see what was there.”

When seen in a deep field photograph, space appears to be excessively packed and not at all spacious. The Webb observes a hornets nest of beautiful but puzzling things in various colors through this pinhole study of the cosmic blackness. A few stars have set up shop in the foreground, but everything else is a galaxy—a huge collection of stars that has been compressed by the enormous distances involved into a little splash of light.

Surprisingly, the lensing effect has stretched and altered some of the backdrop distant galaxies, giving them the appearance of being constructed of Play-Doh.

I’ll say it again: over 13 billion years ago, Biden added, expressing astonishment at the sight of the earliest light ever observed in the history of the cosmos.

The image, according to the White House, is the highest-resolution one of the infrared universe ever taken. In order to view in the infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum, the Webb telescope will collect light at wavelengths that are not visible to the Hubble telescope. Images that convert the infrared colors into colors that people can see were created using the Webbs data after it underwent processing.

During the initial sequence of observations, NASA and its collaborators, the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency, have been closely monitoring the first Webb photographs as the telescope, launched last Christmas at launched, circled the sun roughly at a million miles from Earth. The photographs released on Monday and Tuesday by NASA have been referred to as the first full-color images. NASA had previously released a few images of the telescope that were in the testing phase, delighting astronomers with their clarity.

The astronomy world is anticipating what it thinks will be revolutionary views of the universe across cosmic distances and with unmatched resolution, and is vibrating with anticipation. The Webb mission aims to investigate planets that orbit far-off stars in search of indicators of potential habitability, such as the presence of an atmosphere resembling Earth’s.

You’ll be able to tell whether planets are habitable based on the chemical makeup of their atmospheres, which we can infer with this telescope, Nelson added.

The capabilities of the telescope designed to replace the Hubble, which is still in use, considerably exceed my wildest hopes. In the late 1980s, UC Santa Cruz astronomer Garth Illingworth played a key role in creating plans for an infrared space telescope, as he stated in an email to other astronomers on Monday. Webb has powers that are virtually unheard of.

Planetary astronomer Heidi Hammel, one of the scientists slated to use the Webb in the coming months, said the initial deep view into the universe by the Webb is simply a taste of what is to come. As proof of concept, Hammel described the initial deep look that was shown on Monday as whetting our desire for the world-beating outcomes that we now know would follow from this remarkable facility.

Whatever wow factor the new visuals may produce, the important thing to remember is that the Webb actually functions. It was an AA5. The telescope’s price rose and it experienced numerous delays. Congress came close to killing the project at one time. It wasn’t obvious for several years whether the Webb would literally take off.

A novel design was necessary to achieve the lofty scientific objectives NASA and its collaborators had set. An infrared space observatory, according to the scientists who first promoted the Next Generation Space Telescope in the 1980s, would be able to look farther into the cosmos and back in time to a period that was roughly a few hundred million years after the Big Bang. Starlight permeated the fledgling universe at that time as the first stars sprang into existence.

The telescope, or observatory as scientists prefer to refer to it, has 18 gold-plated, hexagonal, independently movable mirrors that work together to create a single mirror that is about 21 feet broad. Instead of being enclosed in a tube for protection, this enormous light bucket is open to the universe like a flower.

A five-layer, tennis-court-sized sun screen shields the mirrors, cameras, and other instruments that must be kept extremely cold for infrared astronomy from the sun’s rays. The telescope’s solar screen and numerous other parts, including the mirrors, had to be unfolded during the roughly month-long voyage to its orbital position.

An icy, unclouded eye on the skies

The infrared region of the spectrum is where the James Webb Space Telescope conducts its observations, necessitating that the mirrors, cameras, and other instruments be kept at extremely low temperatures that are barely above absolute zero. Therefore, the telescope needs

a huge sun screen to defend you from
sun exposure
Science
instrument
module with the cameras used to take these pictures
18-segment
principal mirror
control of spacecraft
machinery
NASA and the Space Telescope Science Institute as sources
The Washington Post/William NEFF

The infrared region of the spectrum is where the James Webb Space Telescope conducts its observations, necessitating that the mirrors, cameras, and other instruments be kept at extremely low temperatures that are barely above absolute zero. The telescope therefore needs a substantial sun cover to shield it from solar radiation.

Observing the cosmos
utilizing a wider spectrum

With only our eyes, we can see only a small percentage of the universe’s energy, which is frequently hidden by interstellar dust and gases as we look into space. Scientists will get a clearer look into the distant cosmos thanks to the James Webb telescope’s capacity to see far into the infrared spectrum than was previously feasible.

Spitzer
Space
Telescope
(retired)
James
Webb
the European Space Agency, and NASA
Science Institute for Space Telescopes
Steven Space
John Webb
telescope in space
Having a wider perspective of the cosmos
Space Telescope James Webb
Space Telescope Spitzer (retired)
NASA, the European Space Agency, and the Space Telescope Science Institute as sources

344 separate things that could go wrong single point failures were discovered in one report, which may have derailed the project as a whole. If something goes significantly wrong, the telescope cannot be repaired. The instruments cannot be replaced if they break because they are not modular. The Webb is too far away for astronauts to visit, in contrast to the Hubble.

All of those single point failures, however, were untrue. Despite recently been damaged by a micrometeoroid that slightly out of alignment one of the mirror segments, the Webb has exceeded astronomers’ scientific expectations.

At the unveiling on Monday, Vice President Harris referred to the telescope as one of humankind’s greatest engineering accomplishments.

The Webb will investigate the creation of the very first galaxies and the expansion of the universe. It will examine solar system-wide objects, such as tiny, cold worlds beyond of Neptune’s orbit.

Scientists said they anticipate thousands of individuals to sift through the findings to develop new scientific publications after NASA shortly posts a sizable library of Webb data on a database accessible to researchers worldwide.

The clear message is that the Webb might continue to provide new scientific knowledge at a quick rate for a very long period because it is built to endure at least 10 years but has enough fuel to last longer.

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{“article”:{“text”:” The purpose of creating an ESG (environmental, social, and governance) green energy fund is to assist other businesses in making sustainable investments, according to Foxconn Chairman Young Liu. This followed China’s recent power outages in Sichuan, underscoring the reality that ESG is now a crucial component of the supply chain. The requirement to invest in ESG has emerged as a fresh obstacle for industry management globally. However, before firms can support ESG investing, they must first generate enough profitability. Liu thus presented an EPS (earnings per share) plus ESG sustainability formula. Liu disclosed that Foxconn intends to create an ESG green energy fund to promote and execute ESG and to hasten the development of environmental technologies in order to further increase the influence of the sustainability formula on the supply chain. According to Liu, the EPS ESG formula is suggested since if a company is not profitable, all other efforts are useless. A corporation won’t be able to create strategies for ESG if it doesn’t have the required income and profitability. According to Liu, EPS and ESG are not mutually exclusive. For instance, Foxconn has made aggressive plans to enter the EV business and is highly enthusiastic about the future of electric cars (EV). Foxconn’s investment in EVs is focused on both the ESG characteristics of the industry as well as its potential. An illustration coming from the other direction is the recent power outage in Sichuan, China, which was brought on by the region’s supply chain being disrupted by the high temperatures brought on by harsh weather. When questioned about the power outage, Liu acknowledged that it had some impact on Foxconn’s output, albeit it is not expected to have a significant impact. Liu underlined that people need to be more concerned and attentive to problems brought on by global warming. This power outage happened in China, but the drought brought on by global warming is a worldwide problem. Platformization is one of the conditions for an industry to develop, according to Liu. A platform is also necessary to encourage the growth of ESG, with a large company serving as the leader. Foxconn therefore expects that in addition to promoting ESG internally, the launch of the ESG green energy fund would help the industry and supplier chain improve as well. According to Liu, the fund’s primary objective will be to invest in initiatives connected to sustainable green energy, including power plants, new environmental technologies, and renewable energy. This is so because the use of green energy is crucial for implementing ESG. However, many small- and medium-sized businesses find the expense of purchasing green energy to be quite high (SMEs). As a result, it is hoped that the creation and investment of the green energy fund will help SMEs acquire clean energy.

The purpose of creating an ESG (environmental, social, and governance) green energy fund is to assist other businesses in making sustainable investments, according to Foxconn Chairman Young Liu. This followed China’s recent power outages in Sichuan, underscoring the reality that ESG is now a crucial component of the supply chain.

A new issue for industry management across the globe is the requirement to invest in ESG. However, before firms can support ESG investing, they must first generate enough profitability. Liu thus presented an EPS (earnings per share) plus ESG sustainability formula. Liu disclosed that Foxconn intends to create an ESG green energy fund to promote and execute ESG and to hasten the development of environmental technologies in order to further increase the influence of the sustainability formula on the supply chain.

According to Liu, the EPS ESG formula is suggested since if a company is not profitable, all other efforts are useless. A corporation won’t be able to create strategies for ESG if it doesn’t have the required income and profitability.

According to Liu, EPS and ESG are not mutually exclusive. For instance, Foxconn has made aggressive plans to enter the EV business and is highly enthusiastic about the future of electric cars (EV). Foxconn’s investment in EVs is focused on both the ESG characteristics of the industry as well as its potential.

An illustration coming from the other direction is the recent power outage in Sichuan, China, which was caused by high temperatures brought on by harsh weather and had an impact on the local supply chain. When questioned about the power outage, Liu acknowledged that it had some impact on Foxconn’s output, albeit it is not expected to have a significant impact.

Liu underlined the need for people to care about and pay attention to concerns brought on by global warming. This power outage happened in China, but the drought brought on by global warming is a worldwide problem.

Platformization is one of the conditions for an industry to develop, according to Liu. A platform is also necessary to encourage the growth of ESG, with a large company serving as the leader. Foxconn therefore expects that in addition to promoting ESG internally, the launch of the ESG green energy fund would help the industry and supplier chain improve as well.

According to Liu, the fund’s primary objective will be to invest in sustainable green energy-related projects, like as power plants, new environmental technologies, and renewable energy sources. This is so because the use of green energy is crucial for implementing ESG. However, many small- and medium-sized businesses find the expense of purchasing green energy to be quite high (SMEs). Therefore, it is hoped that the creation and funding of the green energy fund will help SMEs acquire clean energy.

“, “images”:{},”author”:”Ninelu Tu, Taipei; Jack Wu, DIGITIMES Asia”,”pub date”:”2022-08-22 11:01:25″,”is article”:1,”url”:”https://www.digitimes.com/news/a20220819PD206/esg-foxconn-green-energy-supply-chain.html?chid=13r”,”canonical url”: This followed China’s recent power outages in Sichuan, underscoring the reality that ESG is now a crucial component of the supply chain.” , “favicon”:”https://www.digitimes.com/favicon.ico”,”encoding”:”utf-8″,”time”:4.851853847503662,”js”:false,”pagination”:false,”modified date”:”2022-08-22 11:01:25″,”site name”:”DIGITIMES”